How to Budget SAG-AFTRA Payroll
The Screen Actors Guild counts some of the best talent in the world as its members. But running SAG-AFTRA payroll can often require an equally talented accountant.
From day rates to health and pension to penalties, the final amount you’ll end up paying a SAG actor is much higher than the sticker price you find on a rate sheet. Taking into account “fringes” and scheduling hiccups, we’ve compiled a step-by-step guide on how to budget SAG-AFTRA payroll.
What are SAG Fringes?
When most people think about SAG rates, they think about the minimum amount of cash they’ll have to shell out for a day of shooting. However, in addition to the day rates, you’ll have to pay an additional percentage that goes directly to The Screen Actors Guild, covering your talent’s pension and health fund. This along with other fees (we’ll get into) is called a fringe.
In its simplest terms, a fringe is an additional fee you have to pay on a given price. Expressed as either a percentage or flat rate, think of it as an add-on to a set rate. The most common example of a fringe is sales taxes. Even though a shirt may be listed as 10 dollars, you still have to pay an additional 10 percent sales tax on it, which is considered a fringe. Fringes can also be expressed in flat rates. If you’re sending money through an app and it charges 25 cents per transfer, that flat 25 cent rate is also considered fringe.
In addition to health and pension, you’ll also have to pay other SAG fringes along with regular fringes, such as taxes (state and federal), social security, and workers compensation for the entire crew too.
For this and several other reasons, many productions, big and small, turn to entertainment payroll companies. Handling SAG fringes, insurance, and running payroll for you, these companies keep you compliant so you’re never hit with penalties from SAG.
New services, like Wrapbook, offer full-stop payroll services through intuitive software, saving time and money.
Only charging half a percent of your gross wages, Wrapbook is the one of the most affordable solutions on the market. With SAG Fringes down pat, we can now dive headfirst into…
How To Budget SAG-AFTRA Payroll
1. Find your current SAG Agreement
SAG commercial actors are paid differently than feature actors who are paid differently than television actors. That’s because, under SAG, each different production type calls for a different type of minimum pay.
But determining your production’s SAG rates can be a maze. It’s why we wrote a comprehensive guide on it. While our guide also lists the most current rates, finding your SAG contract is usually determined by three factors:
- Your Production Type
- Your Budget
- Your Distribution
Once you find out what contract type your production will be classified under, you can then look up your actors’ day and week rates. Of course, the actual wages you’ll have to pay will be determined by your shooting schedule.
Example: What’s My SAG Agreement?
Let’s say you’re producing some branded content for a YouTube Channel with a budget of $60,000. Under the current SAG Agreements, you would be classified as a New Media, which means you’ll have to pay a SAG day rate of $125 per day.
If your shoot will last two days, your initial wages will be $250 per day, without adding on SAG fringes. As with all SAG payroll, the minimum day rates are based on 8 hour work days, or 10 hour work days if your actor is paid on a weekly scale.
2. Multiply by your shooting schedule
Once you know your SAG rates, you’re ready to calculate your gross wages you’ll have to pay your actors. To determine this, you’ll need a robust shooting schedule and seasoned 1st AD (whose job it is to make it).
While one-day shoots are considerably easier to budget for, multi-day and multi-month shoots are where most producers can end up spending tons of unnecessary money in fringes. When it comes to ‘gross wages,’ the word ‘estimate’ is paramount. As with any type of estimation, over-estimating is always better. With any SAG shoot, there’s tons of rules
3. Calculate Travel Days
While no two shoots are alike, if your SAG performers are working overnight then you may have budget for travel days. In eyes of SAG-AFTRA, if an actor is required to shoot overnight away from their home, this is an “overnight location.”
As you budget your SAG-AFTRA payroll, you must pay your actors for full day for any overnight locations. Additionally, if you’re not transporting your actors yourself to set, you’ll also have to carve out some money to reimburse travel expenses.
Pro-Tip: Collect Expenses ASAP
Once you finally make it into shooting, preliminary budget in hand, you’ll quickly start to see how close your estimate was. But don’t forget to grab expenses from both your cast and crew as soon as possible.
Nothing’s worse than receiving a PA’s Costco run receipt a week before you’re ready to close down the books. With software like Wrapbook, actors can quickly submit receipts from their phones directly to your production.
View expenses and approve them, as Wrapbook logs the expense on your books and pays out the expense immediately.
4. Factor in SAG Hold Days
If you’re shooting on location, out of drivable distance from your actor’s homes, you may have to pay for Hold Days.
A hold day is simply a day on a shooting schedule, where an actor is on location, but isn’t needed. Under SAG-AFTRA rules, you have to pay that actor for their time, even if they aren’t performing as they can’t take other jobs.
Hold Days are most common for on-location shoots. Skilled 1st AD’s try to eliminate as much holding as possible in a schedule so you aren’t left paying for actors to bum around all day. However, hold days are often inevitable, as it can be more expense to transport actors back and forth, rent a location, or hire specialized crew than it is to pay a day rate.
Pop-Quiz: Game of Thrones
Let’s say your shooting Game of Thrones on location in Northern Ireland for three days. You transport out Kit Harrington, Emilia Clarke, and Peter Dinklage, paying for their flights and lodgings. While day one and three call for every cast member, day two only calls for Peter Dinklage. Do you have to pay Emilia and Kit?
ANSWER: Under SAG rules, you have to pay every actor not working on the hold day.
5. Account for Wardrobe Allowances
While this SAG fringe primarily applies to low budget shoots, actors who bring their own costumes to set must be compensated accordingly.
The set weekly fee is called a “wardrobe allowance,” starting at $12 per outfit per week (or $18 per formal attire.) While prohibitively cheaper than hiring a costumer and renting costumes, you have to pay that weekly fee per outfit, meaning that if your actor brings three outfit choices, you pay $36 for that week.
Formal attire encompasses tuxedoes, dinner gowns, wedding dresses, suits, cocktail dresses, and other clothes of the like.
6. Don’t forget agency fees
Are you using a talent agency to find your actors? Then you might have to pay an agency fee.
While most agents take 10 percent of their client’s earnings, sometimes the onus is on you to pay that percentage. When negotiating with agents, be sure to have your lawyer check whether you or the talent will be paying the ten percent. As with all SAG fringes, if you’re paying the ten percent, it counts towards your gross wages – meaning that you’ll have to pay taxes, insurance, and health and pension on it.
7. Avoid SAG Forced Calls
SAG-AFTRA performers must receive at least 12 hours off-time between the last shot of the day and the next time they show up to work – no exceptions. With proper scheduling, you’ve got nothing to worry about.
But if your shoot goes over its scheduled time, or you have to start early the next day, you have to pay performers an additional day’s pay. For for this and many other reasons, it’s crucial to hire great production managers who can schedule efficiently without breaking SAG rules.
Pro-Tip: Don’t forget weekends
While actors require 12 hours between shooting, they also require a full 56 hours of rest between work weeks. While entertainers often work bizarre hours, when it comes to SAG, treating work like any other 9 to 5 often leads to less penalties.
8. Schedule time for SAG meal breaks
Along with forced calls, another SAG penalty you can avoid with proper scheduling is the meal penalty. Just as actors need at least 12 hours between shooting, they also need to be given a meal break within 6 hours of showing up to set.
If your performer misses this meal, or it’s not long enough (at least 30 minutes), you’ll have to pay at least $25 to start with more penalties incurred the longer the actor goes without the meal break. The amount a meal break infraction can cost depends ultimately on your production budget and how many times you didn’t break.
Meal penalties are very common on almost any type of shoot. The shoot goes a little longer than expected, and before you know it, everyone’s a half hour late to lunch. While you could, in theory, avoid them, it’s good to estimate a quarter percent of your actor’s gross wages for this SAG fringe.
9. Add it all up
Having found your SAG Agreement, multiplied your day and week rates by your shooting schedule, accounted for travel days, hold days, agency fees, and finally budgeted for some penalties, you now have a rough estimate of your gross SAG wages, plus some fringes.
But not all fringes.
There’s still one more fringe you have to add on top of the number you have now.
10. Calculate pension and health
Any walkthrough on how to budget SAG-AFTRA payroll is not complete without adding on Health and Pension. And there’s a reason why we til the end.
When working with SAG talent, you have to pay an additional 18.5% of your gross wages to the Screen Actors Guild for health and pension.
And by “gross wages,” we mean the day rates, penalties, and other regulations combined.
That means, if you miss lunch by a half hour, you aren’t actually paying 25 dollars more. You’re actually paying $25 plus 18.5% (aka $29.62) more. Because actors are classified as independent contractors, they have to seek health insurance through their guild. This SAG fringe is how they pay for it.
11. Add tax and worker’s comp insurance
In addition to unique SAG fringes, you also have to budget for ‘regular’ fringes that you’d pay any employee. Depending on where you’re shooting, this can include worker’s compensation insurance, social security tax, local taxes, medicare, federal unemployment tax, and MTA taxes.
While most entertainment payroll companies will calculate these fringes for you, you can also estimate your payroll fringes with this free, nifty calculator. Just enter your gross wages and the state you’re shooting in.
12. Enlist a SAG-AFTRA payroll company
Once you’ve estimated your preliminary budget, some penalties, health and pension, and taxes, you should have a pretty robust budget for your SAG-AFTRA payroll.
However, you’re not finished yet. Per the Screen Actors Guild, you have to process your payment through a compliant SAG payroll company.
While there are many options, Wrapbook is the most affordable and intuitive payroll solutions on the market. Bringing entertainment payroll into the 21st century, paying actors has never been easier thanks to its sleek, easy-to-use app.
Only charging half a percent of your gross wages, it’s SAG-approved and free to demo.
Case Study: A SAG Ultra Low Budget Production
It can often feel like a guessing game to budget SAG-AFTRA payroll. That’s why we put together this example of how payroll would work on a SAG indie film with a budget less than $250,000, three actors, shot over the course of twenty shoot days (four working weeks). Going into the shoot, we can create a rough estimate:
- SAG Agreement: Using the most current SAG contracts, we find that this production is classified as “Ultra Low Budget,” meaning actors must make $125 a day, based on 8 hours. As is industry-standard, our shoot days are going to be 12 hours long. SAG overtime is 1/10th hourly units for the first two hours after 8 hours. After that, it’s double. Assuming an actor works a 12 hour day–each actor would actually make $300 a day under this contract. For this shoot, one actor will work all 20 days, while the other two will only work 10 each. That makes our expected payroll: $12,000.
- Travel Days: Since the production is being shot within drive-able distance from the actors’ homes in L.A., this production no longer has to pay those fees.
- Hold Days: Because the actors don’t have to travel to a location, hold days don’t apply to this production, as our actors can work on the days they’re not on set.
- Wardrobe Allowance: The costumer wants the actors to bring their own formal attire. The outfits are needed for one day of shooting, but SAG makes you pay by the week. $18 per formal attire / week x 3 actors equals $56.
- Agency Fees: Our lead actor has an agent, and we’re picking up the 10% commission. The main actor is expected to make $6,000, so we have to tack onto our SAG budget: $600.
- Health and Pension: The current SAG health and pension contribution is 18.5%. Our actors look to make $12,000, so we must budget: $2,220.
- Tax and Worker’s Comp: This rate depends on your state. Using Wrapbook’s calculator, we see that in California, we should expect worker’s comp to be $483.60, social security tax to be $744, Medicare to be $174, Federal Unemployment to be $72, and State Unemployment to be $744. Our grand total? $2,217.60.
- SAG Payroll Company: Adding all of these together, we find that our total is $14,882. However, we have to pay a SAG-approved payroll company to cut the checks. Wrapbook has the lowest payroll fee at only .5% of gross wages. That means we must add $744.10.
- Grand Total: Adding all these factors together, we should expect to pay $15,626.10 going into the shoot. However… -One Missed Meal: On day five of the shoot, the camera setup took longer than expected, and one actor missed his meal. Per SAG rules, we must pay this actor an additional $25. However, it will be far more expensive than that. Since the tax and workers’ comp, the agency fee, the health and pension rate, and the payroll company’s cut are based on the gross wages, our initial base has changed from $12,000 to $12,025. Holding those constant, we find that we actually pay $44.22 more for that one…missed…meal.
Have a migraine?
As we can see, once production begins budgets quickly change. It’s why many 1st ADs create many versions of the budget, and why so many productions use payroll companies to stay compliant.
As with any budget estimate, it’s important to note that things will always change once you get into shooting. Sometimes schedules run smoothly; other times, things catch on fire.
But if you followed our steps on how to budget SAG-AFTRA payroll, the difference between your actual and estimated budget shouldn’t be too great.
Got any other SAG-AFTRA budget questions? Hit us up on the messenger.