January 16, 2024

2024 Minimum Wage & Overtime Laws by State

The Wrapbook Team
Free ebook
Download Now
Free Template
Download Now

Overtime regulations, minimum wage laws, mileage rates– not exactly fun topics for casual conversation. However, each of these concepts is crucial for paying employees.

Understanding overtime and minimum wage laws is crucial to budgeting your payroll. If you mistake the regulations early on, you could wind up paying a whole lot more later on.

In this post, we detail the core concepts of overtime rules and provide a comprehensive list of updated overtime laws by state for 2024.

Complete list: 2024 overtime & minimum wage laws by state

StateDay OT (1.5X) atDay OT (2X) atWeek OT AtMeal Penalty AtMeal Break AmountMeal Break Duration7th day atMin WageValid until
Alabama--40 hrs----none2024
Alaska8 hrs-40 hrs---$11.732024
Arizona--40 hrs----$14.352024
Arkansas--40 hrs----$11.002024
California8 hrs12 hrs40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min1.5x$16.002024
Colorado12 hrs-40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min-$14.422024
Connecticut--40 hrs7.5 hrs1 hr30 min-$15.692024
Delaware--40 hrs7.5 hrs1 hr30 min$13.252024
D.C.--40 hrs----$17.006-30-2024
Florida--40 hrs----$129-29-24
Georgia--40 hrs----$5.152024
Hawaii--40 hrs----$14.002024
Idaho--40 hrs----$7.252024
Illinois--40 hrs5 hrs1 hr20 min-$14.002024
Indiana--40 hrs----$7.252024
Iowa--40 hrs----$7.252024
Kansas--46 hrs----$7.252024
Kentucky--40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min1.5x$7.252024
Louisiana--40 hrs----none2024
Maine--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-$14.152024
Maryland--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-$15.002024
Massachusetts--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-$15.002024
Michigan--40 hrs----$10.332024
Minnesota--48 hrs8 hrs1 hr30 min-$8.852024
Mississippi--40 hrs----none2024
Missouri--40 hrs----$12.302024
Montana--40 hrs----$10.302024
Nebraska--40 hrs7.5 hrs-30 min-$12.002024
Nevada8 hrs-40 hrs8 hrs-30 min-$11.256-30-24
New Hampshire--40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min-$7.252024
New Jersey--40 hrs----$15.132024
New Mexico--40 hrs----$12.002024
New York--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-$15.002024
North Carolina--40 hrs----$7.252024
North Dakota--40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min-$7.252024
Ohio--40 hrs----$10.452024
Oklahoma--40 hrs----$7.252024
Oregon--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-$14.202024
Pennsylvania--40 hrs----$7.252024
Rhode Island--40 hrs8 hrs1 hr30 min-$14.002024
South Carolina--40 hrs----none2024
South Dakota--40 hrs----$11.202024
Tennessee--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr30 min-none2024
Texas--40 hrs----$7.252024
Utah--40 hrs----$7.252024
Vermont--40 hrs----$13.672024
Virginia--40 hrs----$12.002024
Washington--40 hrs5 hrs1 hr30 min-$16.282024
West Virginia--40 hrs6 hrs1 hr20 min-$8.752024
Wisconsin--40 hrs----$7.252024
Wyoming--40 hrs----$5.152024

In California, meal penalties start at five hours for most employees, but there are special provisions for film workers outlined in IWC Article 12, which stipulates six hours.

Standard mileage rate increase

Effective January 1, 2024, the Internal Revenue Service has also increased the standard mileage rate for using a personal vehicle in the course of business to $0.67 (67 cents) per mile.

The standard mileage rate is used to calculate the deductive costs of operating an automobile for business. Employees may be entitled to either reimbursement from their employers or personal tax deductions according to the current mileage rate. 

Important exceptions 

For those states with no or lower-than-federal minimum wage: Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, South Carolina, and Wyoming, employers are still subject to the minimum wage laws set forth by the Fair Labor Standards Act and must pay the federal minimum wage of $7.25.

States with minimum wage exceptions and increases coming this year: 

  • D.C.’s minimum wage laws stipulate an annual adjustment effective July 1, 2024 based  on a set formula. *Note, each July the district’s minimum wage increases in proportion to the increase in the Consumer Price Index. 
  • Nevada minimum wage laws currently permit employers who offer qualifying health insurance to decrease their minimum wage to $10.25/hr. However, a uniform minimum wage of $12.00/hr for all employees will go into effect on July 1, 2024. 
  • Florida's minimum wage will increase to $13.00/hr effective September 30, 2023. 
  • Hawaii’s overtime and minimum wage laws do not apply to employees who are guaranteed monthly compensation of $2,000 or more. 
  • Minnesota sets a higher minimum wage of $10.85/hr for employers with annual revenues of $500,000 or more. 
  • Missouri’s minimum wage laws offer exemptions for employees of a retail or service business with gross annual sales or business done of less than $500,000. 
  • New Jersey’s minimum wage drops to $13.73 for seasonal and small employers (with fewer than 6 employees)
  • New York’s statewide minimum wage applies only in areas not governed by higher, local minimum wage ordinances.
  • Ohio’s minimum wage laws allow employers with annual gross receipts less than $385,000 to pay a reduced rate of $7.25/hr.
  • Oregon’s minimum wage increased to $14.20 statewide but increased to $15.45 for those in the Portland metro area, and $13.20 for non-urban counties.
  • Washington state requires the minimum wage noted on the above table, but the City of Seattle sets a higher minimum wage of $19.97/hr for large employers (with 501 or more employees) and $17.25/hr for small employers (with 500 or less employees). 

States with special break laws:

  • Hawaii follows the Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS), Child Labor Law, which requires employers to provide at least a 30-minute rest or meal period after five consecutive hours of work for 14 and 15-year-old minors.
  • Iowa follows a break law that states minors younger than 16 must be given a 30-minute break if they are employed five hours or more in a day.

What are overtime laws?

Overtime laws (also known as overtime rules) refer to the increased amount of money you have to pay an employee after a set amount of time.

This set amount of time, whether it be on a daily or weekly scale, varies from state to state.

For instance, in California, the initial amount of time an employee must work before receiving overtime pay is only eight hours. While in Kansas, overtime doesn’t take effect until 46 hours have been worked in a week.

How is overtime pay calculated?

Once your employees have crossed the threshold of their overtime pay law, they then earn “pay and a half.”

Expressed as “1.5x,” this multiplier is applied to the set rate in your employee’s contract. Unless negotiated higher, this rate will be the minimum wage.

Special case: overtime rules on a film set

While almost every employee is non-exempt from overtime laws, some guilds have special rules for their employees.

For example, in the world of television and film, minimum rates for most actors are determined by The Screen Actors Guild, and SAG minimum wage is different from state minimum wage. While minimum wage in California may be $16.00, the minimum amount you’ll pay a guild member is much, much higher.

While overtime laws dictate a California employee will make 1.5x after 8 hours, SAG minimum wage laws stipulate that talent only makes overtime pay after 10 hours. 

Meanwhile, unions, like IATSE and the Teamsters, abide by separate pay-rate regulations of their own design.

The challenge of balancing varying rules and rates is one of many reasons why you should hire an entertainment payroll company to run your payroll.

Pay your cast and crew (union or non-union) fast and compliantly with Wrapbook.

What is the federal overtime law?

Set by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the federal overtime law (or federal OT law) states that employees shall receive overtime pay after 40 hours have been worked in a week. When states don’t have set overtime laws, they automatically default to what is expressed in the chart above.

Wrapping up

Understanding the nuances of overtime and minimum wage laws isn’t just a way to impress your friends. Without knowing the rules in your state, you may end up owing your employees way more than you thought you did.

If you’re interested in learning more about overtime laws, minimum wage laws, or union pay regulations, be sure to check out our guide to running film payroll.

Or, watch our demo to find out how Wrapbook can support and simplify your payroll needs.

Get Started

One-click payroll and real-time accounting, at your fingertips.

Get Pricing
Last Updated 
January 16, 2024


At Wrapbook, we pride ourselves on providing outstanding free resources to producers and their crews, but this post is for informational purposes only as of the date above. The content on our website is not intended to provide and should not be relied on for legal, accounting, or tax advice.  You should consult with your own legal, accounting, or tax advisors to determine how this general information may apply to your specific circumstances.

About the author
The Wrapbook Team

The Wrapbook Team consists of individuals who are thrilled about building modern software tools for creators. We’re a team of compassionate and curious people dedicated to solving complex problems with sophisticated solutions. You can find us across the U.S. and Canada.

Stay In The Know

Sign up for the Wrapbook newsletter where we share industry news along with must-know guides for producers.